Zirconium trisulfide as a promising cathode material for Li primary thermal batteries

Kyriakos Giagloglou, Julia Louise Payne, Christina Crouch, Richard Gover, Paul Alexander Connor, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

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18 Citations (Scopus)
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In this work ZrS3 has been synthesized by solid state reaction in a sealed quartz tube and investigated as a candidate cathode material in Li thermal batteries. The structure of ZrS3 before and after cell testing has been studied using powder X-ray diffraction. A new spinel related material, LiZr2S4, has been identified as the product of the electrochemical process, which can be indexed to a = 10.452(8) Å cubic unit cell. The electrochemical properties of the batteries were investigated at 500 °C against Li13Si4 by galvanostatic discharge and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT). In a thermal Li cell at 500 °C a single voltage plateau of 1.70 V at a current density of 11 mA/cm2 was achieved with capacity of 357 mA h g-1. Therefore ZrS3 material has some promise as a cathode for Li thermal batteries.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2016


  • Cathode
  • Discharge at high temperature
  • Li thermal battery
  • LiZr2S4
  • Solid state reaction
  • ZrS


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