Why Do Fertility Levels Vary between Urban and Rural Areas?

Hill Kulu*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Kulu H. Why do fertility levels vary between urban and rural areas?, Regional Studies. This study examines the causes of fertility variation across settlements. It uses rich longitudinal data from Finland and applies event history analysis. Analysis shows that fertility levels are the highest in small towns and rural areas and the lowest in the capital city, as expected. The socio-economic characteristics of women and selective migrations account for only a small portion of fertility variation across settlements. Housing conditions explain a significant portion of urban-rural fertility variation for the first birth, but little variation for the second and the third births. The analysis suggests that there are also significant contextual effects.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)895-912
    Number of pages18
    JournalRegional Studies
    Volume47
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013

    Keywords

    • Fertility
    • Urban
    • Rural
    • Event history analysis
    • Northern Europe
    • Finland
    • C39
    • C41
    • J13
    • LOWEST-LOW FERTILITY
    • FAMILY FORMATION
    • NORDIC COUNTRIES
    • WESTERN GERMANY
    • HOME-OWNERSHIP
    • LIFE-COURSE
    • 1ST
    • MODEL
    • COHABITATION
    • NETHERLANDS

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