Wetting and interactions of Ag–Cu–Ti and Ag–Cu–Ni alloys with ceramic and steel substrates for use as sealing materials in a DCFC stack

G. Triantafyllou*, J. T. S. Irvine

*Corresponding author for this work

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14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Ag and Ag-based pseudo-alloys were evaluated in terms of application as metal brazes for the use in a hybrid direct carbon fuel cell stack. This paper reports on a series of wetting experiments on systems of pure Ag as well as Ag–Cu–Ti and Ag–Cu–Ni pseudo-alloys in contact with the widely used austenitic stainless steel SS316L, the ferritic steels Crofer22APU and Croffer22H and with polycrystalline partially stabilized zirconia (TZ-3Y) for the determination of the interfacial properties of the above systems. Pure Ag in air showed poor wettability (θ >90°) with all substrates. The Ag–Cu–Ti pseudo-alloy in vacuum (P = 2.5 x 10-3 mbar) showed improved wettability, with θ = 40°. for the steels and θ =50°. for the TZ-3Y substrates. The Ag–Cu–Ni pseudo-alloy in air showed excellent wetting properties (θ <10°) with all the substrates, but its high liquidus temperature makes it unsuitable for use with the SS316L steel. In low vacuum (P = 1.5 x 10-1 mbar), the contact angle was increased (θ  = 65°) but the low oxygen concentration limits the oxidation of the steel surface. Selected systems of the pseudo-alloys in contact with steel and TZ-3Y substrates were treated for 120 h in the operating conditions of a hybrid direct carbon fuel cell, in order to evaluate the thermal stability of the joints. Despite the reactions taking place on the interface, the joints showed good stability and no separation of the two phases occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1766-1778
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume51
Issue number4
Early online date5 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Oxide fuel-cells
  • Gas-sensitive resistors
  • Mechanical-properties
  • Wettability
  • Zirconia
  • Metals
  • Dependence
  • Sapphire
  • System

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