Weighing up the Weighted Case Mix Tool (WCMT): a psychometric investigation using confirmatory factor analysis

B Duane, Gerald Michael Humphris, D Richards, E Okeefe, K Gordon, R Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To assess the use of the WCMT in two Scottish health boards and to consider the impact of simplifying the tool to improve efficient use.
Design: A retrospective analysis of routine WCMT data (47,276 cases). Clinical setting: Public Dental Service (PDS) within NHS Lothian and Highland. Method: The WCMT consists of six criteria. Each criterion is measured independently on a four-point scale to assess patient complexity and the dental care for the disabled/impaired patient. Psychometric analyses on the data-set were conducted. Conventional internal consistency coefficients were calculated. Latent variable modelling was performed to assess the ‘fit’ of the raw data
to a pre-specified measurement model. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to test three potential changes to the existing WCMT that included, the removal of the oral risk factor question, the removal of original weightings for scoring the Tool, and collapsing the 4-point rating scale to three categories. Results: The removal of the oral risk factor question had little impact on the reliability of the proposed simplified CMT to discriminate between levels of patient complexity. The removal of weighting and collapsing each item’s rating
scale to three categories had limited impact on reliability of the revised tool. The CFA analysis provided strong evidence that a new, proposed simplified Case Mix Tool (sCMT) would operate closely to the pre-specified measurement model (the WMCT).
Conclusions: A modified sCMT can demonstrate, without reducing reliability, a useful measure of the complexity of patient care. The proposed sCMT
may be implemented within primary care dentistry to record patient complexity as part of an oral health assessment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalCommunity Dental Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Special care dentistry
  • Bateman tool
  • Weighted case mix tool
  • Commissioning


Dive into the research topics of 'Weighing up the Weighted Case Mix Tool (WCMT): a psychometric investigation using confirmatory factor analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this