## Abstract

Harmonic perturbations are studied for a plane parallel model for the solar magnetic atmosphere, In the present model, the magnetic field lines are horizontal, the sound speed and the Alfven speed are constants. It is known that in this: model, analytical solutions can be obtained for linearized perturbations. The harmonic perturbations can either propagate as MHD modes modified by the action of gravity or be unstable due to magnetic buoyancy, Dispersion properties and stability limits of these waves as well as the growthrates of the instability are displayed for various combinations of parameters: directional angles phi and theta of wave propagation, wave number k and the plasma parameter beta.

There are three modes propagating in the considered atmosphere: the fast, the slow and the Alfven mode, all modified by gravity. Only the modified slow MHD mode can become unstable; the modified Alfven and fast MHD modes are always stable. In the limit of a vanishing magnetic field the modified fast mode becomes an acoustic gravity mode, the modified Alfven mode becomes a mode oscillating with the Brunt-Vaisala frequency at large k, while the modified slow mode disappears.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 190-198 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Astronomy & Astrophysics |

Volume | 346 |

Publication status | Published - Jun 1999 |

## Keywords

- instabilities
- magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
- stars : atmospheres