Warm non-equilibrium gas phase chemistry as a possible origin of high HDO/H2O ratios in hot and dense gases: application to inner protoplanetary discs

W. -F. Thi, Peter Woitke, I. Kamp

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The origin of Earth oceans is controversial. Earth could have acquired its water either from hydrated silicates (wet Earth scenario) or from comets (dry Earth scenario). [HDO]/[H2O] ratios are used to discriminate between the scenarios. High [HDO]/[H2O] ratios are found in Earth oceans. These high ratios are often attributed to the release of deuterium enriched cometary water ice, which was formed at low gas and dust temperatures. Observations do not show high [HDO]/[H2O] in interstellar ices. We investigate the possible formation of high [HDO]/[H2O] ratios in dense (n(H) > 106 cm-3) and warm gas (T = 100-1000 K) by gas-phase photochemistry in the absence of grain surface chemistry. We derive analytical solutions, taking into account the major neutral-neutral reactions for gases at T > 100 K. The chemical network is dominated by photodissociation and neutral-neutral reactions. Despite the high gas temperature, deuterium fractionation occurs because of the difference in activation energy between deuteration enrichment and the back reactions. The analytical solutions were confirmed by the time-dependent chemical results in a 10-3 M-circle dot disc around a typical T Tauri star using the photochemical code ProDiMo. The ProDiMo code includes frequency-dependent 2D dust-continuum radiative transfer, detailed non-local thermodynamic equilibrium gas heating and cooling and hydrostatic calculation of the disc structure. Both analytical and time-dependent models predict high [HDO]/[H2O] ratios in the terrestrial planet-forming region (< 3 au) of circumstellar discs. Therefore, the [HDO]/[H2O] ratio may not be an unique criterion to discriminate between the different origins of water on the Earth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-246
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume407
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2010

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