Voltage fluctuation to current converter with Coulomb-coupled quantum dots

F. Hartmann, P. Pfeffer, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, L. Worschech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We study the rectification of voltage fluctuations in a system consisting of two Coulomb-coupled quantum dots. The first quantum dot is connected to a reservoir where voltage fluctuations are supplied and the second one is attached to two separate leads via asymmetric and energy-dependent transport barriers. We observe a rectified output current through the second quantum dot depending quadratically on the noise amplitude supplied to the other Coulomb-coupled quantum dot. The current magnitude and direction can be switched by external gates, and maximum output currents are found in the nA region. The rectification delivers output powers in the pW region. Future devices derived from our sample may be applied for energy harvesting on the nanoscale beneficial for autonomous and energy-efficient electronic applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume114
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2015

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