Vocal learning

P. J.B. Slater*, V. M. Janik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)


Learning the form of the sounds that they produce has been demonstrated in three groups of birds (oscine passerines, hummingbirds, and parrots) and, among mammals, in humans, and in whales and dolphins, with some evidence also for seals, bats, and elephants. In addition to this 'production learning,' many animals learn to use sounds in particular ways and to comprehend the meanings of sounds that they hear, even though they do not modify their own sounds in any way. Animals vary in what and when they learn, and why they do so is a matter of some controversy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Animal Behavior
EditorsM Breed, J Moore
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780080453378
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Auditory template model
  • Comprehension learning
  • Imitation
  • Mimicry
  • Production learning
  • Usage learning
  • Vocal learning


Dive into the research topics of 'Vocal learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this