Visual laterality in the domestic horse (Equus caballus) interacting with humans

Kate Farmer, Konstanze Krueger, Richard William Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most horses have a side on which they are easier to handle and a direction they favour when working on a circle, and recent studies have suggested a correlation between emotion and visual laterality when horses observe inanimate objects. As such lateralisation could provide important clues regarding the horse's cognitive processes, we investigated whether horses also show laterality in association with people. We gave horses the choice of entering a chute to left or right, with and without the passive, non-interactive presence of a person unknown to them. The left eye was preferred for scanning under both conditions, but significantly more so when a person was present. Traditionally, riders handle horses only from the left, so we repeated the experiment with horses specifically trained on both sides. Again, there was a consistent preference for left eye scanning in the presence of a person, whether known to the horses or not. We also examined horses interacting with a person, using both traditionally and bilaterally trained horses. Both groups showed left eye preference for viewing the person, regardless of training and test procedure. For those horses tested under both passive and interactive conditions, the left eye was preferred significantly more during interaction. We suggest that most horses prefer to use their left eye for assessment and evaluation, and that there is an emotional aspect to the choice which may be positive or negative, depending on the circumstances. We believe these results have important practical implications and that emotional laterality should be taken into account in training methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-238
Number of pages10
JournalAnimal Cognition
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Horse
  • Laterality
  • Eye preference
  • Emotion
  • Vision
  • BRAIN LATERALIZATION
  • MOTOR LATERALITY
  • TELEOST FISH
  • DISADVANTAGES
  • PREFERENCES
  • ADVANTAGES
  • ASYMMETRY
  • EVOLUTION
  • RESPONSES
  • OBJECTS

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