Viperin, MTAP44, and Protein Kinase R Contribute to the Interferon-Induced Inhibition of Bunyamwera Orthobunyavirus Replication

Charles Carlton-Smith, Richard M. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The first line of defense against viral infection is the interferon (IFN) response, which culminates in the expression of hundreds of proteins with presumed antiviral activity, and must be overcome by a virus for successful replication. The nonstructural NSs protein is the primary IFN antagonist encoded by Bunyamwera virus (BUNV), the prototype of the Orthobunyavirus genus and the family Bunyaviridae. The NSs protein interferes with RNA polymerase II-mediated transcription, thereby inhibiting cellular mRNA production, including IFN mRNAs. A recombinant virus, rBUNdelNSs, that is unable to express the NSs protein does not inhibit cellular transcription and is a strong IFN inducer. We report here that cells stimulated into the antiviral state by IFN-beta treatment were protected against wild-type BUNV and rBUNdelNSs infection but addition of IFN-beta after infection had little effect on the replication cycle of either virus. By screening a panel of cell lines that overexpressed individual IFN-stimulated genes, we found that protein kinase R (PKR), MTAP44, and particularly viperin appreciably restricted BUNV replication. The enzymatic activities of PKR and viperin were required for their inhibitory activities. Taken together, our data show that the restriction of BUNV replication mediated by IFN is an accumulated effect of at least three IFN-stimulated genes that probably act on different stages of the viral replication cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11548-11557
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume86
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Viral infection
  • Interferon (IFN) response
  • Nonstructural NSs protein
  • Bunyamwera virus (BUNV)

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