Variable-pressure kinetic study of bromide complexation on aquarhodium(III)

SG Galbraith, CR Robson, David Trevor Richens

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A variable-pressure kinetic study of the complexation of bromide with Rh3+(aq) (I = 2.03 mol dm(-3) (NaClO4-), range 0.1-206.8 MPa) as a function of [H+] (0.06-1.00 mol dm(-3)) at 70 degreesC is reported. The final product is trans-[Rh(OH2)(4)Br-2](+) with formation of the bromopentaaqua ion rate determining. The decrease in the extent of rate saturation with [Br-] observed on lowering [H+] below 0.20 mol dm(-3) is consistent with greater participation from the more labile pentaaquahydroxo ion in a parallel ion-pair interchange processes with the hexaaqua ion but with K-os (RhOH2+-Br-) < K-os (Rh3+-Br-). Complexation on the hexaaqua ion is associatively activated (&UDelta;V-I(&DDAG;) = -3.3 +/- 1.0 cm(3) mol(-1)) but dissociatively activated on the pentaaquahydroxo species (DeltaV(I)(double dagger)(OH) = +7.7 +/- 1.0 cm(3) mol(-1)). These findings support the recent ab-initio calculations by Rotzinger et al. and variable-pressure kinetic study of the water exchange process by Merbach et al. which indicate a favourable I-a pathway for low-spin [Rh(OH2)(6)](3+) despite its t(2g)(6) configuration. Earlier proposals of a D process for both ions on the basis of the observed rate saturation can now be discounted and the present findings lend further compelling support for the use of the activation volume as a powerful mechanistic probe. Reasons for the greater penetration by the entering donor within replacement reactions on 4d and 5d M3+ complexes are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4335-4338
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002


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