Using proximity measures to describe mother-infant relationships

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12 Citations (Scopus)


What are the relative roles of mothers and infants in maintaining proximity with one another? How do the relative roles of the mother and infant change over time? What do proximity measures tell us about the mother-infant relationship? Questions such as these have been addressed using proximity indices devised by Hinde and coworkers in the 1960s. In this paper, I review how these indices are derived and discuss what they do, and do not, infer about the nature of the mother-infant relationship. An additional index is proposed which indicates whether the mother or the infant is responsible for the majority of changes in proximity. Copyright (C) 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-84
Number of pages5
JournalFolia Primatologica
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001


  • proximity measures
  • Hinde index
  • mother-infant relationship


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