Understanding the Belt and Road in EU-China relations

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


China has a strategic narrative for its engagement with the EU. But the EU has neither a strategy nor a common narrative for its relations with China. This asymmetry of approach opens up opportunities for China to expose and utilise differences between EU member states, their interests and their preferences, and EU institutions, in order to present a challenge to the current liberal international order. However, although some authors see this loop-sided relationship as a clear and unambiguous challenge, it does continue to present a multitude of challenges for China in implementing its approach. More fundamentally, it reveals the lack of coherence in their current construction and understanding of the international order.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-921
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of European Integration
Issue number7
Early online date9 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the Belt and Road in EU-China relations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this