Understanding patient barriers and facilitators to uptake of lung screening using low dose computed tomography: a mixed methods scoping review of the current literature

Debbie Cavers*, Mia Nelson, Jasmin Rostron, Kathryn A Robb, Lynsey R Brown, Christine Campbell, Ahsan R Akram, Graeme Dickie, Melanie Mackean, Edwin J R van Beek, Frank Sullivan, Robert J Steele, Aileen R Neilson, David Weller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Targeted lung cancer screening is effective in reducing mortality by upwards of twenty percent. However, screening is not universally available and uptake is variable and socially patterned. Understanding screening behaviour is integral to designing a service that serves its population and promotes equitable uptake. We sought to review the literature to identify barriers and facilitators to screening to inform the development of a pilot lung screening study in Scotland.

METHODS: We used Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology and PRISMA-ScR framework to identify relevant literature to meet the study aims. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods primary studies published between January 2000 and May 2021 were identified and reviewed by two reviewers for inclusion, using a list of search terms developed by the study team and adapted for chosen databases.

RESULTS: Twenty-one articles met the final inclusion criteria. Articles were published between 2003 and 2021 and came from high income countries. Following data extraction and synthesis, findings were organised into four categories: Awareness of lung screening, Enthusiasm for lung screening, Barriers to lung screening, and Facilitators or ways of promoting uptake of lung screening. Awareness of lung screening was low while enthusiasm was high. Barriers to screening included fear of a cancer diagnosis, low perceived risk of lung cancer as well as practical barriers of cost, travel and time off work. Being health conscious, provider endorsement and seeking reassurance were all identified as facilitators of screening participation.

CONCLUSIONS: Understanding patient reported barriers and facilitators to lung screening can help inform the implementation of future lung screening pilots and national lung screening programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number374
Number of pages18
JournalRespiratory research
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
  • Lung
  • Tomography
  • Scotland

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