Uncovering the birth of a coronal mass ejection from two-viewpoint SECCHI observations

A. Vourlidas, P. Syntelis, K. Tsinganos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the initiation and formation of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) via a detailed two-viewpoint analysis of low corona observations of a relatively fast CME acquired by the SECCHI instruments aboard the STEREO mission. The event which occurred on 2 January 2008, was chosen because of several unique characteristics. It shows upward motions for at least four hours before the flare peak. Its speed and acceleration profiles exhibit a number of inflections which seem to have a direct counterpart in the GOES light curves. We detect and measure, in 3D, loops that collapse toward the erupting channel while the CME is increasing in size and accelerates. We suggest that these collapsing loops are our first evidence of magnetic evacuation behind the forming CME flux rope. We report the detection of a hot structure which becomes the core of the white light CME. We observe and measure unidirectional flows along the erupting filament channel which may be associated with the eruption process. Finally, we compare these observations to the predictions from the standard flare-CME model and find a very satisfactory agreement. We conclude that the standard flare-CME concept is a reliable representation of the initial stages of CMEs and that multi-viewpoint, high cadence EUV observations can be extremely useful in understanding the formation of CMEs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-523
JournalSolar Physics
Volume280
Issue number2
Early online date31 Jan 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Coronal mass ejections, low coronal signatures
  • Coronal mass ejections, initiation and propagation
  • Magnetic reconnection, observational signatures

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