U-238-Th-230 constraints on mantle upwelling and plume-ridge interaction along the Reykjanes Ridge

D W Peate, Chris Hawkesworth, P W van Calsteren, R N Taylor, B J Murton

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    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    U-238-Th-230-Ra-226 disequilibria data are presented for dredged glasses from the slow-spreading, plume-influenced Reykjanes Ridge, and lavas from the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland. Southern Reykjanes Ridge samples (57.7 degrees -58.8 degreesN), identified as 'zero-age' (i.e. <8 ka) from measured Ra-226-Th-230 disequilibrium, lie on a shallow trend on the (Th-230/Th-232) VS. (U-238/Th-232) equiline diagram. Within this 150 km ridge section, samples north of the weak segment boundary at 58.42 degreesN have lower U/Th, higher Th contents and higher (Th-230/U-238) than those to the south. This local compositional control on the degree of Th-230-U-238 disequilibrium is inferred to result from variable mixing between melts from 'enriched' and 'depleted' components in the upwelling mantle. This is supported by a northward increase in Pb-206/Pb-204 and He isotope ratios within this region. A sample from the northern, shallow part of the Reykjanes Ridge (61.93 degreesN) also lies within this trend, with relatively high U/Th. In contrast, post-glacial lavas on the Reykjanes Peninsula show broadly similar U/Th to the Reykjanes Ridge samples, but at significantly lower (Th-230/Th-232) (similar to1.15 vs. similar to 1.30). This distinction is most likely due to a difference in mantle upwelling rate - a high upwelling rate associated with the mantle plume beneath Iceland will give rise to lower Th-230-U-238 disequilibrium for a particular U/Th value due to the reduced opportunity for Th-230 in-growth in the melt column - although differences in initial melt productivity might also play a role. Active upwelling associated with the Iceland plume probably does not extend far along the Reykjanes Ridge. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)259-272
    Number of pages14
    JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
    Volume187
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2001

    Keywords

    • mid-ocean ridge basalts disequilibrium
    • uranium
    • melting
    • Reykjanes Ridge
    • Iceland
    • upwelling
    • U-SERIES DISEQUILIBRIA
    • MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE
    • U-238 TH-230 DISEQUILIBRIUM
    • KERMADEC ISLAND-ARC
    • MIDOCEAN RIDGES
    • RATES BENEATH
    • ICELAND
    • BASALTS
    • TH
    • PETROGENESIS

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