Tuning of the FMN binding and oxido-reduction properties by neighboring side chains in Anabaena flavodoxin

Susana Frago, Guillermina Goni, Beatriz Herguedas, Jose Ramon Peregrina, Ana Serrano, Inmaculada Perez-Dorado, Rafael Molina, Carlos Gomez-Moreno, Juan A. Hermoso, Marta Martinez-Julvez, Stephen G. Mayhew, Milagros Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Contribution of three regions (phosphate-binding, 50's and 90's loops) of Anabaena apoflavodoxin to FMN binding and reduction potential was studied. Thr12 and Glu16 did not influence FMN redox properties, but Thr12 played a role in FMN binding. Replacement of Trp57 with Glu, Lys or Arg moderately shifted E-ox/sq, and E-sq/hq and altered the energetic of the FMN redox states binding profile. Our data indicate that the side chain of position 57 does not modulate E-ox/sq by aromatic stacking or solvent exclusion, but rather by influencing the relative strength of the H-bond between the N(5) of the flavin and the Asn58-Ile59 bond. A correlation was observed between the isoalloxazine increase in solvent accessibility and less negative E-sq/hq. Moreover, E-sq/hq became less negative as positively charged residues were added near to the isoalloxazine. Ile59 and Ile92 were simultaneously mutated to Ala or Glu. These mutations impaired FMN binding, while shifting E-sq/hq, to less negative values and E-ox/sq to more negative. These effects are discussed on the bases of the X-ray structures of some of the Fld mutants, suggesting that in Anabaena Fld the structural control of both electron transfer steps is much more subtle than in other Flds. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-217
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2007


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