Truth, topicality, and transparency: one-component versus two component semantics

Peter Hawke, Levin Hornischer, Franz Berto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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When do two sentences say the same thing, that is, express the same content? We defend two-component (2C) semantics: the view that propositional contents comprise (at least) two irreducibly distinct constituents: (1) truth-conditions and (2) subject-matter. We contrast 2C with one-component (1C) semantics, focusing on the view that subject-matter is reducible to truth-conditions. We identify exponents of this view and argue in favor of 2C. An appendix proposes a general formal template for propositional 2C semantics.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
JournalLinguistics and Philosophy
VolumeEarly View
Early online date31 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 May 2024


  • Aboutness
  • Subject matter
  • Topicality
  • Truth conditions
  • 2-component semantics


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