Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in southern Vietnam: Can chloroquine or sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine be reintroduced in combination with artesunate?

N M Huong, T M E Davis, J Cox-Singh, S Hewitt, T Q Toan, Tae Hyun Kim, N T Hanh, V N Phuong, D H Nhan, L D Cong, Janet Cox Singh

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effectiveness of chloroquine or sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine administered with artesunate for treating uncomplicated falciparum malaria was assessed in 2 Vietnamese provinces where the sensitivity of parasites in vitro to conventional therapies had increased with the removal of drug pressure. In the province of Dac Lac, where potential malaria exposure begins at birth, 57 subjects (mean age, 9.6 years) were randomized to receive artesunate-chloroquine (group 1) or artesunate-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (group 2). In the province of Binh Phuoc, 66 nonimmune workers and their relatives (mean age, 24.2 years) were similarly randomized. By day 28 of follow-up, >96% of Dac Lac patients and <52% of Binh Phuoc patients in group 1 and group 2 had an in vivo response that demonstrated sensitivity to therapy. PCR-confirmed cure rates paralleled in vivo results among patients in Binh Phuoc, but PCR results identified 9 (15.7%) of the Dac Lac patients as having experienced asymptomatic, submicroscopic recrudescences. In Dac Lac, pfcrt K76T was near fixation, but infection with parasites with this mutation predicted recrudescence among group 1 patients in Binh Phuoc. Common pfdhfr mutations did not predict outcome in group 2. The successful reintroduction of conventional therapies in combination with artesunate depends on epidemiological and/or parasitological factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1461-1466
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume37
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2003

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