Trayectorias y desafíos en la historiografía de la ciencia y de la medicina en América Latina

Translated title of the contribution: Tracks and challenges in the historiography of the science and medicine in Latin America

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to contribute to the historiography of science and medicine in Latin America by analyzing four perspectives used by researchers since the mid-20th century to the early 21st century. The first perspective was strongly influenced by an eurocentric assumption according to which science was a modern intelectual product, a higher form of rational knowledge and an aspiration of all cultures. The second and third perspectives consider science as a social and cultural venture that had a unique dynamic in Latin American countries. These two perspectives gave much importance to the notions of reception, negotiation and interaction. In addition, they highlighted the proactive capacity of local and national actors. The fourth perspective—associated to broader perspective known as Global History—emphasizes the transnational circulation of knowledge among cultures and goes beyond the
Latinamerican region, challenging some of the basis of previous perspectives such as the centrality of the Nation State.
Translated title of the contributionTracks and challenges in the historiography of the science and medicine in Latin America
Original languageSpanish
Article number320
Number of pages14
JournalAsclepio. Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Historiography
  • Latin America
  • History of science
  • History of medicine
  • Global history
  • Historiografía
  • América Latina
  • Historia de la Ciencia
  • Historia de la Medicina
  • Historia Global

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