Transformation processes in LaAlO3: Neutron diffraction, dielectric, thermal, optical, and Raman studies

S A Hayward, F D Morrison, S A T Redfern, E K H Salje, J F Scott, K S Knight, S Tarantino, A M Glazer, V Shuvaeva, P Daniel, M Zhang, M A Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The behavior of the Pm (3) over barm-R (3) over barc phase transition in LaAlO3 (T-C=813 K from differential scanning calorimetry measurements) has been studied using temperature-dependent measurements of the crystal structure, dielectric relaxation, specific heat, birefringence, and the frequencies of the two soft modes (via Raman spectroscopy). While all these experiments show behavior near T-C consistent with a second-order Landau transition, there is extensive evidence for additional anomalous behavior below 730 K. Below this temperature, the two soft mode frequencies are not proportional to each other, the spontaneous strain is not proportional to the square of the AlO6 rotation angle, and anomalies are seen in the birefringence. Twin domains, which are mobile above 730 K, are frozen below 730 K. These anomalies are consistent with biquadratic coupling between the primary order parameter of the transition (AlO6 rotation) and a second process. From the dielectric results, which indicate a smooth but rapid increase in conductivity in the temperature range 500-800 K, we propose that this second process is hopping of intrinsic oxygen vacancies. These vacancies are essentially static below 730 K and dynamically disordered above 730 K. The interaction between static vacancies and the displacive phase transition is unfavorable. A similar anomaly may be observed in other aluminate perovskites undergoing the same transition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054110
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume72
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • ORDER-PARAMETER SATURATION
  • CUBIC PHASE-TRANSITION
  • POWDER DIFFRACTION
  • DOMAIN-STRUCTURE
  • LANDAU THEORY
  • PEROVSKITES
  • STRAIN
  • BIREFRINGENCE
  • OCTAHEDRA
  • EXPANSION

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