Transcriptional response to DNA damage in the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus

V Salerno, A Napoli, Malcolm Frederick White, M Rossi, M Ciaramella

Research output: Other contribution

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exposure of cells to DNA-damaging agents triggers a complex biological response involving cell cycle arrest and modulation of gene expression. Genomic sequencing has revealed the presence of archaeal genes homologous to components of the eucaryal nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is involved in the repair of ultraviolet (UV) light-induced DNA damage. However, the events involved in the cell response to UV irradiation and their regulation have not been studied in Archaea. We show here that UV radiation induces the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, and that these lesions are efficiently repaired in vivo in the dark, suggesting that a NER pathway is active. DNA damage is a signal for concomitant growth arrest and transcriptional induction of the NER genes XPF, XPG and XPB. The cell response to UV irradiation includes transcriptional regulation of genes encoding two DNA binding proteins involved in chromosome dynamics. Moreover, several of these genes are also strongly induced by the intercalating agent actinomycin D. Thus, response to DNA damage in S.solfataricus has features essentially conserved in all three domains of life.

Original languageEnglish
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2003

Keywords

  • NUCLEOTIDE EXCISION-REPAIR
  • HYPERTHERMOPHILIC ARCHAEA
  • HETEROTRIMERIC PCNA
  • BINDING-PROTEIN
  • CHROMATIN
  • GENE
  • MECHANISM
  • RNA
  • PROMOTER
  • EXPRESSION

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