Tracing the Pakistan-Terrorism Nexus in Indian Security Perspectives: From 1947 to 26/11

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This article investigates how a Pakistan-terrorism nexus originated, and then become solidified and embedded, into Indian security perspectives. From the First Kashmir War in 1947-8 to the 26 November 2008 Mumbai attacks, it has been the repeated behaviour of Pakistan towards India, and the nature of their major national and sub-national conflicts, which has led to this nexus. Central to its formation has been the repeated military strategy of initial infiltrations by irregular troops followed by the use of conventional troops – an approach employed by Pakistan in 1947, 1965 and 1999. Pakistan’s concurrent support of various insurgencies and terrorism against India has compounded this association, and entrenched the contemporary Pakistan-terrorism nexus within India’s (foreign and domestic) security perspectives. Given its persistent resonance within both Pakistani strategic behaviour and Indian elite mindsets, the article finds that the Pakistan-terrorism nexus will remain as a durable and critical lynchpin within South Asian security dynamics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-50
Number of pages16
JournalIndia Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • security
  • norms
  • South Asia
  • Pakistan
  • India
  • terrorism


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