Towards a pluralist labor geography: Constrained grassroots agency and the socio-spatial fix in Dȇrsim, Turkey

Celal Cahit Agar, Steffen Böhm

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper explores the interplay between capital, socio-spatial structure and grassroots agency in the context of the recent trajectories of labor geography. Based on field research conducted in Dȇrsim, Turkey, our analysis unfolds the constraining role of socio-spatial structure in the agency and praxis of grassroots movements and their geography-making and crisis-displacement from below. Through the case study, we propound a concept of socio-spatial fix to explain how this praxis conjoins with and assists capital in both staving off its recurrent crises and reproducing its own logic of accumulation. Our analysis reveals that the socio-spatial fix in Dȇrsim, which is constituted by the grassroots struggle against hydroelectric power plant projects, performs three functions. First, it facilitates the production of capitalist social relations and spaces; second, it strengthens and maintains the existing social order through temporally moderating the province’s chronic problems; and third, it provides legitimacy for the capitalist exploitation of nature, culture and histories. Our research contributes to the emerging pluralist school of labor geography, providing an empirically substantiated insight into how capital reproduces itself via socio-spatial fixes produced by constrained grassroots agency.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1228-1249
    Number of pages21
    JournalEnvironment and Planning A
    Issue number6
    Early online date19 May 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018


    • Grassroots agency
    • Labor geography
    • Spatial fix
    • Uneven geographical development
    • Spatial agency


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