Total plasma magnesium, zinc, copper and selenium concentrations in type-I and type-II diabetes

Amelie Isabelle Sylvie Sobczak, Fiona Stefanowicz, Samantha Jane Pitt, Ramzi A. Ajjan, Alan James Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Glycemia and insulin resistance are important regulators of multiple physiological processes and their dysregulation has wide-ranging consequences, including alterations in plasma concentrations of metal micronutrients. Here, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium and glycated albumin (HbA1c) concentrations and quartile differences were examined in 45 subjects with type-I diabetes (T1DM), 54 subjects with type-II diabetes (T2DM) and 62 control subjects in order to assess potential differences between sexes and between T1DM and T2DM. Plasma magnesium concentration was decreased in T1DM subjects, with the second, third and fourth quartiles of magnesium concentrations associated with the absence of T1DM. This effect was observed in females but not males. In T2DM, the highest quartile of selenium concentrations and the third quartile of copper concentrations associated with the absence of diabetes in males. The highest quartile of magnesium concentrations was associated with the absence of T2DM in males but not females. HbA1c correlated with plasma concentrations of magnesium (negatively, in both sexes together in T1DM and T1DM males), copper (positively, in T1DM males and in both sexes together in T2DM), selenium (positively, in both sexes together in T1DM and T2DM, and T2DM females) and with zinc/copper ratio (negatively, in both sexes together in T1DM and T2DM). This study shows that plasma magnesium concentration is altered to the highest degree in T1DM, while in T2DM, plasma selenium and copper concentrations are significantly affected. This work increases our understanding of how T1DM and T2DM affects plasma metal concentrations and may have future implications for diabetes management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-138
Number of pages16
JournalBioMetals
Volume32
Issue number1
Early online date22 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • HbA1c
  • ICP-MS
  • Metal homeostasis
  • Zinc/copper ratio

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