Tomato SlGSTU38 interacts with the PepMV coat protein and promotes viral infection

Eduardo Méndez-López*, Livia Donaire, Blanca Gosálvez, Pedro Díaz-Vivancos, M. Amelia Sánchez-Pina, Jens Tilsner, Miguel A. Aranda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) is pandemic in tomato crops, causing important economic losses worldwide. No PepMV resistant varieties have been developed yet. Identification of host factors interacting with PepMV proteins is a promising source of genetic targets to develop PepMV resistant varieties. 
The interaction between the PepMV coat protein (CP) and the tomato glutathione S-transferase SlGSTU38 was identified in a yeast-two hybrid (Y2H) screening and validated by directed Y2H and co-immunoprecipitation assays. SlGSTU38-knocked out Micro-Tom plants (gstu38) generated by the CRISPR/Cas9 technology together with live-cell imaging were used to understand the role of SlGSTU38 during infection. The transcriptomes of healthy and PepMV-infected wild type (WT) and gstu38 plants were profiled by RNA-seq analysis. 
SlGSTU38 functions as a PepMV-specific susceptibility factor in a cell autonomous manner and re-localizes to the virus replication complexes during infection. Besides, knocking out SlGSTU38 triggers ROS accumulation in leaves and the deregulation of stress-responsive genes. 
SlGSTU38 may play a dual role: on the one hand, SlGSTU38 may exert a proviral function depending on its specific interaction with the PepMV CP; and on the other hand, SlGSTU38 may delay sensing PepMV infection by participating in the redox intra-cellular homeostasis in a non-specific manner.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-348
Number of pages17
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume238
Issue number1
Early online date4 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • PepMV
  • Potexvirus
  • Host factor
  • Redox homeostasis
  • Resistance
  • Stress response
  • Viral replication complex
  • VRC

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