Three members of a novel small gene-family from Arabidopsis thaliana able to complement functionally an Escherichia coli mutant defective in PAPS reductase activity encode proteins with a thioredoxin-like domain and "APS reductase" activity

John Langford Wray, JF Gutierrez-Marcos, MA Roberts, EI Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three different cDNAs, Prh-19, Prh-26, and Prh-43 [3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) reductase homolog], have been isolated by complementation of an Escherichia coli cysH mutant, defective in PAPS reductase activity, to prototrophy with an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library in the expression vector lambda YES. Sequence analysis of the cDNAs revealed continuous open reading frames encoding polypeptides of 465, 458, and 453 amino acids, with calculated molecular masses of 51.3, 50.5, and 50.4 kDa, respectively, that have strong homology with fungal, yeast, and bacterial PAPS reductases. However, unlike microbial PAPS reductases, each PRH protein has an N-terminal extension, characteristic of a plastid transit peptide, and a C-terminal extension that has amino acid and deduced three-dimensional homology to thioredoxin proteins, Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) was shown to be a much more efficient substrate than PAPS when the activity of the PRH proteins was tested by their ability to convert S-35-labeled substrate to acid-volatile S-35-sulfite. We speculate that the thioredoxin-like domain is involved in catalytic function, and that the PRH proteins may function as novel ''APS reductase'' enzymes. Southern hybridization analysis showed the presence of a small multigene family in the Arabidopsis genome, RNA blot hybridization with gene-specific probes revealed for each gene the presence of a transcript of approximate to 1.85 kb in leaves, stems, and roots that increased on sulfate starvation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the cloning and characterization of plant genes that encode proteins with APS reductase activity and supports the suggestion that APS can be utilized directly, without activation to PAPS, as an intermediary substrate in reductive sulfate assimilation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13377-13382
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume93
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 1996

Keywords

  • reductive sulfate assimilation
  • lambda YES cDNA library
  • phylogeny
  • gene expression
  • DISULFIDE-ISOMERASE
  • SULFOTRANSFERASE ACTIVITY
  • SEQUENCE-ANALYSIS
  • CDNA
  • GLUTAREDOXIN
  • PEPTIDES
  • BINDING
  • PLANTS
  • KINASE
  • MOTIF

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