Three-dimensional object shape from shading and contour disparities

Harold T. Nefs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Both non-Lambertian shading, specularities in particular, and occluding contours have ill-matched binocular disparities. For example, the disparities of specularities depend not only on a surface's position but also on its curvature. Shading and contour disparities do in general not specify a point on the surface. I investigated how shading and contours contribute to perceived shape in stereoscopic viewing. Observers adjusted surface attitude probes on a globular object. In Experiment 1, the object was either Lambertian or Lambertian with added specularities. In the next experiment, I removed the Lambertian part of the shading. In Experiment 3, I reduced the disparity of the contour to zero, and in Experiment 4, I removed both cues. There was little effect of shading condition in Experiment 1. Removing the Lambertian shading in Experiment 2 rendered the sign of the surface ambiguous (convex/concave) although all surfaces were perceived as curved. Results in Experiment 3 were similar to those in Experiment 1. Removing both cues in Experiment 4 made all surfaces appear. at for three observers and convex for one observer. I conclude that in the absence of Lambertian shading, observers have categorically different perceptions of the surface depending on whether disparate specular highlights and disparate contours are present or not.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Vision
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • stereovision
  • object shape
  • 3D shape
  • specular highlights
  • contours
  • HOLLOW-FACE
  • PERCEPTION
  • SURFACE
  • ILLUMINATION
  • INFORMATION
  • SPECULARITIES
  • ORIENTATION
  • REFLECTION
  • STEREOPSIS
  • DIRECTION

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