Thermodynamic properties, electron spin resonance and underlying spin model in Cu3Y(SeO3)2O2Cl

K. V. Zakharov, E. A. Zvereva, P. S. Berdonosov, E. S. Kuznetsova, V. A. Dolgikh, Lucy Mary Clark, Cameron Black, Philip Lightfoot, W. Kockelmann, Z. V. Pchelkina, S. V. Streltsov, O. S. Volkova, A. N. Vasiliev

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We report a detailed study of the magnetic properties of the buckled kagome compound Cu3Y(SeO3)2O2Cl using heat capacity, magnetization, powder neutron diffraction, electron spin resonance and first-principles calculations. The crystal structure is confirmed to be isotypic with the mineral francisite, with orthorhombic space group symmetry Pmmn throughout the temperature range 5 – 300 K. Magnetization, heat capacity and neutron diffraction confirm long range magnetic order below TN = 35 K. The electron spin resonance spectra reveal the presence of two modes corresponding to two different crystallographic Cu positions. The principal g-values of the g-tensor of Cu(1) sites were found to be g1 = 2.18(4), g2 = 2.10(6) and g3 = 2.05(9), while the effective g-factor of Cu(2) sites is almost isotropic and is on average g = 2.09(5). At low temperatures, Cu3Y(SeO3)2O2Cl undergoes a metamagnetic transition, with a critical field BC = 2.6 T at 2 K, due to the suppression of the inter-plane exchange interactions and saturates in modest magnetic field, BS ≤8 T. The first-principles calculations allow an estimation of both intra-plane and inter-plane exchange interactions. The weakness of the inter-plane exchange interaction results in low values of the critical fields for the metamagnetic transition, while the competition between intra-plane exchange interactions of different signs results in a similarly low value of the saturation field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number214417
JournalPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2014


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