There—But not back again: Forced migration and the end of Jeremiah

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Commentators have often pondered the puzzle that Jeremiah should be among those who flee to Egypt in Jeremiah 43, while being depicted as committed to remaining in Judah. H.-J. Stipp challenges the common view that Jeremiah was forced to go along with the company who made the choice to flee: rather, the flight was unforced, and Jeremiah's inclusion is a clumsy editorial insertion. This essay seeks to overturn Stipp's case by proposing a more nuanced reading of the narrative, and attending to the evidence from studies of refugees in civil conflicts. It appears rather that the whole company was forced to remove to Egypt – Jeremiah and Baruch among them – by leaders who were themselves vying for power and acting against the interests of the refugees.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-375
Number of pages17
JournalHebrew Bible and Ancient Israel
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018


  • Egypt
  • forced migration
  • H.-J. Stipp
  • Jeremiah 43
  • narrative reading


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