Theological counsel in the early Quaker movement

Euan David McArthur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Early Quakers have not typically been noted for their espousal of political counsel. This article proposes that its cohort powerfully made the case for the ‘counsel of God’ in politics. This counsel was, perhaps paradoxically, both intensively inward, deriving from the light of God within, and universalistic and external, given that counsel could emanate from any individual. This was distinct from most contemporary applications of conciliar rhetoric, although some conceptual and practical similarities are considered. This article explores, finally, the diversity of seventeenth-century conceptions of theological and political counsel alongside that of the Quakers, suggesting further directions for research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-89
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Ecclesiastical History
Issue number1
Early online date21 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


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