The warm ionized medium in spiral galaxies

L. M. Haffner, R. -J. Dettmar, J. E. Beckman, K. Wood, J. D. Slavin, C. Giammanco, G. J. Madsen, A. Zurita, R. J. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

200 Citations (Scopus)


This article reviews observations and models of the diffuse ionized gas that permeates the disk and halo of our Galaxy and others. It was inspired by a series of invited talks presented during an afternoon scientific session of the 65th birthday celebration for Professor Carl Heiles held at Arecibo Observatory in August 2004. This review is in recognition of Carl's long-standing interest in and advocacy for studies of the ionized as well as the neutral components of the interstellar medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-997
Number of pages29
JournalReviews of Modern Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


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