The universal and the local in the Civitas Batavorum

Kristian K. Christensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Intense recruitment for the Roman army among the Batavians of the Lower Rhi­ne exposed their community more profoundly to Latin literacy and the universal cul­ture of the empire than many oth­er provinces. How­ever, through an anthro­polo­gi­cal examination of their commu­ni­ty, the present paper demonstrates that even under the­se con­di­tions, the cultural amalgamation of the impe­rial and the lo­cal was li­mi­ted, and Batavian society retained a markedly distinct cul­ture through­out centuries of Ro­man rule.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-148
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Ancient History
Issue number1
Early online date27 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • Roman imperialism
  • Local culture
  • Universalization
  • Localization
  • Military recruitment
  • Batavians


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