The transient catalytically competent coenzyme allocation into the active site of Anabaena ferredoxin NADP(+)-reductase

Jose Ramon Peregrina, Isaias Lans, Milagros Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase (FNR) catalyses the electron transfer from ferredoxin to NADP(+) via its flavin FAD cofactor. A molecular dynamics theoretical approach is applied here to visualise the transient catalytically competent interaction of Anabaena FNR with its coenzyme, NADP(+). The particular role of some of the residues identified as key in binding and accommodating the 2'P-AMP moiety of the coenzyme is confirmed in molecular terms. Simulations also indicate that the architecture of the active site precisely contributes to the orientation of the N5 of the FAD isoalloxazine ring and the C4 of the coenzyme nicotinamide ring in the conformation of the catalytically competent hydride transfer complex and, therefore, contributes to the efficiency of the process. In particular, the side chain of the C-terminal Y303 in Anabaena FNR appears key to providing the optimum geometry by reducing the stacking probability between the isoalloxazine and nicotinamide rings, thus providing the required co-linearity and distance among the N5 of the flavin cofactor, the C4 of the coenzyme nicotinamide and the hydride that has to be transferred between them. All these factors are highly related to the reaction efficiency, mechanism and reversibility of the process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Biophysics Journal with Biophysics Letters
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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