The strange death of Loyalist Monaghan 1912-1921

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Republican attempts to push back the border of Northern Ireland through armed struggle have been well studied. Loyalist attempts to push in the other direction have been entirely overlooked. Yet, in parts of Monaghan at least, armed loyalist resistance to the emergent shape of partition remained trenchant for far longer than has been recognized. In a Fosterian spirit of exploring the possible futures that did not happen, this chapter seeks to explore why this forgotten armed struggle flared in the spring of 1921 and then so abruptly ceased. By 1922, Monaghan ex-loyalists had become mere bystanders in the ‘border war’ that flared along the new frontier: a striking absence that demands explanation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUncertain futures
Subtitle of host publicationessays about the Irish past for Roy Foster
EditorsSenia Paseta
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191810930, 9780191065187
ISBN (Print)9780198748274
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • 'border war'
  • Ethnic conflict
  • Intercommunal violence
  • Loyalism
  • Monaghan
  • Partition
  • Roslea/Rosslea
  • Sectarian violence
  • Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)


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