The spatial effect of protein deuteration on nitroxide spin-label relaxation: Implications for EPR distance measurement

Hassane El Mkami, Richard James Ward, A. Bowman, T. Owen-Hughes, D.G. Norman

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13 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR) coupled with site-directed spin labeling is a powerful technique for the elucidation of protein or nucleic acid, macromolecular structure and interactions. The intrinsic high sensitivity of electron paramagnetic resonance enables measurement on small quantities of bio-macromolecules, however short relaxation times impose a limit on the sensitivity and size of distances that can be measured using this technique. The persistence of the electron spin-echo, in the PELDOR experiment, is one of the most crucial limitations to distance measurement. At a temperature of around 50 K one of the predominant factors affecting persistence of an echo, and as such, the sensitivity and measurable distance between spin labels, is the electron spin echo dephasing time (Tm). It has become normal practice to use deuterated solvents to extend Tm and recently it has been demonstrated that deuteration of the underlying protein significantly extends Tm. Here we examine the spatial effect of segmental deuteration of the underlying protein, and also explore the concentration and temperature dependence of highly deuterated systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Volume248
Early online date28 Sept 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • EPR
  • Relaxation
  • Tm
  • Spin-Label
  • PELDOR
  • DEER
  • Deuteration

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