The soft-source impedance of the lip-reed: experimental measurements with an artificial mouth

Reginald Harrison, Jonathan A Kemp, Michael Newton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)


Most theoretical descriptions of the brass instrument lip-reed consider the acoustical condition at the lips to be a closed, rigid termination, corresponding to a unitary reflectance. This assumption is carried through to many computational models as well. In reality, the protrusion of the player's lips into the mouthpiece causes a periodic shortening/extension of the acoustical tube downstream, an effect sometimes but not always incorporated into such models. Of interest here is the absorption properties of the lip termination, the so-called 'soft source impedance'. This provides a further modification to the boundary condition at the lips, since the soft, deformable nature of the lips are likely to cause some extra damping of the acoustic standing wave. Measurements are presented to demonstrate this damping effect using an artificial mouth. This is achieved through measurements of the lip reflectance from downstream of the lips, from where it is shown that the reflectance shows a dip at the peak absorbance frequency of the lips. The frequency of the absorbance is shown to vary as the lip parameters are changed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Place of PublicationMelville, NY
PublisherAcoustical Society of America (ASA)
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)1939-800X
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2013
EventProceedings of the 21st International Congress on Acoustics - Montréal, Canada
Duration: 2 Jun 20137 Jun 2013


ConferenceProceedings of the 21st International Congress on Acoustics


  • Brass
  • Lip
  • Soft
  • Source
  • Input
  • Impedance


Dive into the research topics of 'The soft-source impedance of the lip-reed: experimental measurements with an artificial mouth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this