The red gown: reflections on the in/visibility of menstruation in Scotland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


During the 1990s, 2000s and 2010s, menstruation became more present in public discourse in Scotland. Despite this, little attention has been paid to the complex interplay of visibility and invisibility that characterises menstruation’s place in the nation’s wider cultural landscape. In this article, we explore the context of menstruation in the town of St Andrews specifically and Scotland more broadly, during the late 20th and early 21st century, and ask what this reveals about menstrual absence and presence in public debates. The University of St Andrews lies at the centre of this case study because it has been one of the Scottish institutions that has initiated a rollout of free menstrual products as a result of the Period Products (Free Provision) (Scotland) Act of 2021. The University’s Centre for Contemporary Art also hosted Bee Hughes as artist-in-residence, whose practice focuses on the visible and invisible aspects of menstruation. Although impacted by a university strike and the Covid-19 pandemic, our collaboration has explored collections of menstrual culture in Scotland and broader questions of menstrual representation, reflecting on how established symbols with other connotations (notably the ceremonial red gown at the University of St Andrews) might provide a way of thinking about menstrual in/visibility. In this article, we discuss how these histories might be both present (institutionalised) and absent (when not on display). This paper presents our findings, in which the artist documents their first visit to St Andrews prior to the strike and pandemic, in relation to historical and contextual materials we located together.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages23
JournalOpen Library of Humanities
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2022


  • Contemporary art
  • Feminist art history
  • 1990s feminism
  • Scottish women's movement
  • Menstruation


Dive into the research topics of 'The red gown: reflections on the in/visibility of menstruation in Scotland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this