The prospective association between the use of E-cigarettes and other psychoactive substances in young people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Lucinda Lau, Aldo Alberto Conti*, Zeynab Hemmati, Alexander Mario Baldacchino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

The use of electronic cigarettes by young people has increased exponentially in the past decade due to various health and social influences. E-cigarettes, particularly those containing nicotine, can cause health complications and addiction, which may result in a subsequent initiation of psychoactive substance use. This systematic review and meta analysis evaluated the prospective association between e-cigarette use and subsequent use of psychoactive substances in young people aged 10-24 years. Pooling of data from the identified longitudinal studies showed that ever e-cigarette users have an increased likelihood for subsequent cannabis, alcohol, and unprescribed Ritalin/Adderall use compared to never e-cigarette users. The findings indicate a need for interventions to reduce e-cigarette use in adolescents and young adults.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105392
Number of pages13
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume153
Early online date15 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • E-cigarette
  • Psychoactive substance

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