The PRECIS-2 tool: designing trials that are fit for purpose

Kirsty Loudon, Shaun Treweek, Frank Sullivan, Peter Donnan, Kevin E Thorpe, Merrick Zwarenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1178 Citations (Scopus)


PRECIS is a tool to help trialists make design decisions consistent with the intended purpose of their trial. This paper gives guidance on how to use an improved, validated version, PRECIS-2, which has been developed with the help of over 80 international trialists, clinicians, and policymakers. Keeping the original simple wheel format, PRECIS-2 has nine domains—eligibility criteria, recruitment, setting, organisation, flexibility (delivery), flexibility (adherence), follow-up, primary outcome, and primary analysis—scored from 1 (very explanatory) to 5 (very pragmatic) to facilitate domain discussion and consensus. It is hoped PRECIS-2 will be valuable in supporting the explicit matching of design decisions to how the trial results are intended to be used.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberh2147
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2015


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