The phantom of ramses user guide for galaxy simulations using milgromian and newtonian gravity

S. T. Nagesh*, I. Banik, I. Thies, P. Kroupa, B. Famaey, N. Wittenburg, R. Parziale, M. Haslbauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This document describes the general process of setting up, running, and analysing disc galaxy simulations using the freely available program Phantom of RAMSES (POR). This implements Milgromian dynamics (MOND) with a patch to the RAMSES grid-based N-body and hydrodynamical code that uses adaptive mesh refinement. We discuss the procedure of setting up isolated and interacting disc galaxy initial conditions for POR, running the simulations, and analysing the results. This manual also concisely documents all previously developed MOND simulation codes and the results obtained with them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Physics
Issue number8
Early online date3 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Galaxy formation and evolution
  • Gravitation
  • Milgromian dynamics
  • Numerical simulations
  • Phantom of Ramses

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