The neuroanatomy of sub-threshold depressive symptoms in Huntington's disease: a combined DTI and VBM study

Reiner Heinrich Sprengelmeyer, Michael Orth, Hans-Peter Müller, Robert C Wolf, Georg Grön, Malte S Depping, Jan Kassubeck, Damian Justo, Elin M Rees, Salman Haider, James H Cole, Nicola Z Hobbs, Raymond A C Roos, Alexandra Dürr, Sarah J Tabrizi, Sigurd S Süssmuth, G Bernhard Landwehrmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Depressive symptoms are prominent psychopathological features of Huntington’s disease (HD), impacting negatively on social functioning and well-being.

Methods: We compared the frequencies of a history of depression, previous suicide attempts and current sub-threshold depression between 61 early stage HD participants and 40 matched controls. The HD group was then split based on the overall HD group’s median HADS-depression score into a group of 30 non-depressed participants (mean 0.8, SD 0.7), and a group of 31 participants with sub-threshold depressive symptoms (mean 7.3, SD 3.5 to explore the neuroanatomy underlying sub-threshold depressive symptoms in HD using Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM) and Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI).

Results: Frequencies of history of depression, previous suicide attempts, or current sub-threshold depressive symptoms were higher in HD than in controls. The severity of current depressive symptoms was also higher in HD, but not associated with the severity of HD motor signs or disease burden. Compared to the non-depressed HD group DTI revealed lower fractional anisotropy (FA) values in the frontal cortex, ACC, insula and cerebellum of the HD group with sub-threshold depressive symptoms. In contrast, VBM measures were similar in both HD groups. A history of depression, the severity of HD motor signs, or disease burden did not correlate with FA values of these regions.

Conclusions: Current sub-threshold depressive symptoms in early HD are associated with microstructural changes - without concomitant brain volume loss - in brain regions known to be involved in Major Depressive Disorder, but not those typically associated with HD pathology.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Medicine
Early online date7 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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