The Monitor project: rotation of low-mass stars in the open cluster NGC 2516

Jonathan Irwin, Simon Hodgkin, Suzanne Aigrain, Leslie Hebb, Jerome Bouvier, Cathie Clarke, Estelle Moraux, D. M. Bramich

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108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the results of an i-band time-series photometric survey of NGC 2516 using the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) 4-m Blanco telescope and 8k Mosaic-II detector, achieving better than 1 per cent photometric precision per data point over 15 less than or similar to i less than or similar to 19. Candidate cluster members were selected from a V versus V - I colour-magnitude diagram over 16 < V < 26 (covering masses from 0.7 M-circle dot down to below the brown dwarf limit), finding 1685 candidates, of which we expect similar to 1000 to be real cluster members, taking into account contamination from the field (which is most severe at the extremes of our mass range). Searching for periodic variations in these gave 362 detections over the mass range 0.15 less than or similar to M/M-circle dot less than or similar to 0.7. The rotation period distributions were found to show a remarkable morphology as a function of mass, with the fastest rotators bounded by P > 0.25 d, and the slowest rotators for M less than or similar to 0.5 M-circle dot bounded by a line of P proportional to M-3, with those for M greater than or similar to 0.5 M-circle dot following a flatter relation closer to P similar to constant. Models of the rotational evolution were investigated, finding that the evolution of the fastest rotators was well reproduced by a conventional solid body model with a mass-dependent saturation velocity, whereas core-envelope decoupling was needed to reproduce the evolution of the slowest rotators. None of our models were able to simultaneously reproduce the behaviour of both populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-758
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume377
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2007

Keywords

  • techniques : photometric
  • surveys
  • stars : rotation
  • open clusters and associations : individual : NGC 2516
  • ALPHA-PERSEI CLUSTER
  • ANGULAR-MOMENTUM EVOLUTION
  • MAIN-SEQUENCE STARS
  • YOUNG OPEN CLUSTERS
  • COLOR-MAGNITUDE DIAGRAMS
  • PHOTOMETRIC LIGHT CURVES
  • ORION NEBULA CLUSTER
  • SOLAR-TYPE STARS
  • BROWN DWARFS
  • K-DWARFS

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