The modelling and assessment of whale-watching impacts

Leslie Frances New, Ailsa Jane Hall, R. Harcourt, G. Kaufman, E.C.M. Parsons, H.C. Pearson, A.M. Cosentino, Robert Schilling Schick

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76 Citations (Scopus)
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In recent years there has been significant interest in modelling cumulative effects and the population consequences of individual changes in cetacean behaviour and physiology due to disturbance. One potential source of disturbance that has garnered particular interest is whale-watching. Though perceived as 'green' or eco-friendly tourism, there is evidence that whale-watching can result in statistically significant and biologically meaningful changes in cetacean behaviour, raising the question whether whale-watching is in fact a long term sustainable activity. However, an assessment of the impacts of whale-watching on cetaceans requires an understanding of the potential behavioural and physiological effects, data to effectively address the question and suitable modelling techniques. Here, we review the current state of knowledge on the viability of long-term whale-watching, as well as logistical limitations and potential opportunities. We conclude that an integrated, coordinated approach will be needed to further understanding of the possible effects of whale-watching on cetaceans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-16
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
Early online date15 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Anthropogenic impacts
  • Disturbance
  • Management
  • Marine mammals
  • Sustainable tourism


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