The major histocompatibility complex class I immunopeptidome of extracellular vesicles

Silvia A. Synowsky, Sally L. Shirran, Fiona G. M. Cooke, Antony N. Antoniou, Catherine H. Botting, Simon J. Powis

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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released by most cell types and have been associated with multiple immunomodulatory functions. MHC class I molecules have crucial roles in antigen presentation and in eliciting immune responses and are known to be incorporated into EVs. However, the MHC class Iimmunopeptidome of EVs has not been established. Here, using a small-scale immunoisolation of the antigen serotypes HLA-A*02:01 and HLA-B*27:05 expressed on the Epstein–Barr virus–transformed B cell line Jesthom and MS of the eluted peptides from both cells and EVs, we identified 516 peptides that bind either HLA-A*02:01 orHLA-B*27:05. Of importance, the predicted serotype-binding affinities and peptide-anchor motifs did not significantly differ between the peptide pools isolated from cells or EVs,indicating that during EV biogenesis, no obvious editing of the MHC class Iimmunopeptidome occurs. These results, for the first time, establish EVs as a source ofMHC class I peptides that can be used for the study of the immunopeptidome and in the discovery of potential neoantigens for immunotherapies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17084-17092
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Early online date31 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2017


  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Immunology
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex
  • Mass spectrometry (MS)
  • Proteomics


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