The logic of framing effects

Franz Berto*, Aybüke Özgün

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Framing effects concern the having of different attitudes towards logically or necessarily equivalent contents. Framing is of crucial importance for cognitive science, behavioral economics, decision theory, and the social sciences at large. We model a typical kind of framing, grounded in (i) the structural distinction between beliefs activated in working memory and beliefs left inactive in long term memory, and (ii) the topic- or subject matter-sensitivity of belief: a feature of propositional attitudes which is attracting growing research attention. We introduce a class of models featuring (i) and (ii) to represent, and reason about, agents whose belief states can be subject to framing effects. We axiomatize a logic which we prove to be sound and complete with respect to the class.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-952
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Philosophical Logic
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • Aboutness
  • Subject matter
  • Framing
  • Hyperintensionality
  • Logical omniscience
  • Knowledge representation
  • Working memory
  • Long term memory


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