## Abstract

The problem of finding *k *uniformly spaced points (centres) within a metric space is well known as the *k*-centre selection problem. In this paper, we introduce the challenge of *k*-centre selection on a class of objects of exponential size and study it for the class of combinatorial necklaces, known as cyclic words. The interest in words under translational symmetry is motivated by various applications in algebra, coding theory, crystal structures and other physical models with periodic boundary conditions. We provide solutions for the centre selection problem for both one-dimensional necklaces and largely unexplored objects in combinatorics on words - multidimensional combinatorial necklaces. The problem is highly non-trivial as even verifying a solution to the *k*-centre problem for necklaces can not be done in polynomial time relative to the length of the cyclic words and the alphabet size unless *P*= *NP*. Despite this challenge, we develop a technique of centre selection for a class of necklaces based on de-Bruijn Sequences and provide the first polynomial *O*(*k*· *n*) time approximation algorithm for selecting *k *centres in the set of 1D necklaces of length *n *over an alphabet of size *q *with an approximation factor of *O*(1+log_{q}^{(k·n)}/n-log_{q}(* ^{k·n}*)). For the set of multidimensional necklaces of size

*n*×

_{1}*n*× … ×

_{2}*n*we develop an

_{d}*O*(

*k*·

*N*) time algorithm with an approximation factor of

^{2}*O*(1+log

_{q}

^{(k·N)}/N-log

_{q}

^{(k·N))}in

*O*(

*k*·

*N*) time, where

^{2}*N*=

*n*·

_{1}*n*· … ·

_{2}*n*by approximating de Bruijn hypertori technique.

_{d}Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | SOFSEM 2023 - Theory and practice of computer science |

Subtitle of host publication | 48th International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, SOFSEM 2023, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 15–18, 2023, Proceedings |

Editors | Leszek Gąsieniec |

Place of Publication | Cham |

Publisher | Springer |

Pages | 385-400 |

Number of pages | 16 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783031231018 |

ISBN (Print) | 9783031231001 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jan 2023 |

Event | 48th International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, SOFSEM 2023 - Nový Smokovec, Slovakia Duration: 15 Jan 2023 → 18 Jan 2023 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture notes in computer science |
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Volume | 13878 |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Conference

Conference | 48th International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, SOFSEM 2023 |
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Country/Territory | Slovakia |

City | Nový Smokovec |

Period | 15/01/23 → 18/01/23 |