The influence of boryl substituents on the formation and reactivity of adjacent and vicinal free radical centers

John Christopher Walton, AJ McCarroll, Q Chen, B Carboni, other 1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Radicals containing alpha-boronate substituents were generated by bromine abstraction from 1-bromoalkyldioxaborolanes (boronic esters), by addition to vinyl boronate, and by hydrogen abstraction from alkyldioxaborolanes and observed by EPR spectroscopy. Unsymmetrically substituted alpha-boronate radicals displayed selective line broadening in their low-temperature spectra from which barriers to internal rotation about (CH2)-C-.-B(OR')OR bonds were found to be 3 +/- 1 kcal mol(-1). Use of an empirical relationship between barrier height and bond dissociation energy led to BDE[(RO)(2)BCH2-H] = 98.6 kcal mol(-1). Rate constants for hydrogen abstraction from 2,4,4,5,5-pentamethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborola by tert-butoxyl radicals were determined from competitive EPR and product studies and found to be relatively small, comparable to those of unactivated methyl groups. Hydrogen abstraction from bis(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)methane was found to be extremely difficult. The structures and energetics of cr-boronate radicals were computed by DFT methods (B3LYP/6-31G*). This predicted reductions in the rotation barriers of X2B-CH2. radicals for increasing alkoxy substitution at B (X = Me or MeO) and corresponding increases in the X2BCH2-H bond dissociation energies. The B3LYP-comIjuted BDE[(MeC))2BCH2-H] was in excellent agreement with the analogous value derived from the experimental rotation barrier. Radicals containing P-boronate substituents were generated from the corresponding 2-bromoalkylboronic esters and characterized by EPR spectroscopy. At higher temperatures the main product from trialkyltin and triethylsilyl radical promoted reactions of 2-(2-bromohexyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane was l-hexene. This was best accounted for by a mechanism involving initial S(H)2 attack on the borolane and subsequent bromine atom elimination from the displaced 2-bromohexyl radical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5455-5463
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume122
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2000

Keywords

  • POLARITY-REVERSAL CATALYSIS
  • BOND-DISSOCIATION ENERGIES
  • HYDROGEN-ATOM ABSTRACTION
  • CROSS-COUPLING REACTIONS
  • ELECTRON-SPIN RESONANCE
  • BORONIC ESTERS
  • ASYMMETRIC-SYNTHESIS
  • INTERNAL-ROTATION
  • STEREOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS
  • STABILIZATION ENERGIES

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