The immediate effect on knowledge, attitudes and intentions in primary care attenders of a patient information leaflet: a randomised control trial replication and extension

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Abstract

Aim To determine whether the influence of a leaflet on mouth cancer improves knowledge, related attitudes and intention to accept a mouth screen.

Design Randomized controlled trial.

Setting Dental and medical waiting rooms in the North West of England.

Sample Nine hundred and forty nine patients from 16 practices were invited to participate.

Measures Standardized multi-item scales of six outcome measures including knowledge, beliefs and intention to accept an oral cancer screen.

Procedure A patient information leaflet was given to a randomized intervention group of patients. A single sheet questionnaire was completed by both groups of patients (immediately following leaflet administration in the intervention arm of Study).

Statistical analysis t tests were used to compare outcome variables between patients with and without access to the leaflet with Boneferroni correction.

Results Participation rate was high (91%). Knowledge (P<0.001) and intentions (P=0.003) benefited from patient access to leaflet. Anxiety was not raised with leaflet exposure. Some beliefs about the screening procedure appeared to be slightly improved by reading the leaflet (P<0.05).

Conclusion This study supports previous findings of an immediate positive effect of an information leaflet on patients' knowledge of oral cancer and willingness to accept an oral cancer screen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-688
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Dental Journal
Volume194
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2003

Keywords

  • ORAL-CANCER
  • HEALTH
  • DEPRIVATION
  • PREVENTION
  • TOBACCO

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