The function of displays of male Rufous Hummingbirds

TA Hurly, RD Scott, Susan Denise Healy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We observed 26 male Rufous Hummingbirds (Selasphorus rufus) on their breeding territories to quantify display behaviors and to interpret their functions. Territory holders responded to intruding conspecific males with aggressive chases until the intruder left the territory. Female intruders received dive displays and shuttle-flights, which we interpret as courtship behavior. Dive displays were J-shaped (concave upward) in both ascent and descent, contrary to other reports of oval-shaped displays. We present a representative sonogram of the sounds produced during these dive displays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-651
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001


  • aggression
  • behavior
  • courtship
  • display
  • Rufous Hummingbird
  • Selasphorus rufus


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